The effects of symbolic modeling on self-efficacy beliefs to negotiate condom use among college-aged women




Lake, Diane Rachel

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AIDS is a serious health threat to college-aged people, due to their risky sexual behavior. To date, there remains no cure for AIDS, thus the only available weapon against the disease is education. Studies show that college students have knowledge and awareness of AIDS, but still do not practice safer sex by using condoms. This study tests the effects of symbolic modeling, a component of self-efficacy theory, on college-aged women's beliefs of self-efficacy that they can negotiate condom use with their partners. The study consists of an experiment comparing two different types of symbolic modeling, verbal and behavioral, and testing for the effectiveness of each in raising participants' levels of self-efficacy