Border security, civilian security, and migrant security : a comparative analysis of the United States and Mexico's immigration policies




Broderick, Courtney Reid

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The United States and Mexico passed restrictive immigration legislation in the twentieth century to prioritize border security and civilian security. As a result, the security of migrants has often suffered. Both countries also heavily militarized their borders by the early twenty-first century. Another consequence of these restrictive laws and militarization are the continued initiatives aimed at federal-state-local cooperation in immigration enforcement. Amidst calls for domestic, inter-agency cooperation, however, the United States and Mexico have rarely worked together to formulate comprehensive immigration laws, on an international level. This report takes an interdisciplinary approach, combining historical and public policy scholarship, to examine how militarized approaches to border security and immigration enforcement can negatively affect civilian and migrant security. Finally, this research also offers a new perspective on federal-state-local cooperation initiatives to illustrate civilian involvement in immigration enforcement, intimidation, and assistance in each country.



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