Physical Environment of Camp Swift Military Reservation, Bastrop County, Texas: Baseline Information for National Guard Land Condition-Trend Analysis Program

Abstract

The purpose of this report is to describe the physical environment of Camp Swift Military Reservation and to call attention to physical processes occurring on the base, to note availability of data, and to comment on potential limitations to land use. Camp Swift (11,740 ac) is one of 10 training areas administered by the Texas Adjutant General for activities of the Texas Army National Guard. The Bureau of Economic Geology reviewed existing information to identify essential baseline data (climate, geology, soil properties, hydrology, and present land condition) and made additional observations that will assist the Texas Adjutant General in preparing long-term environmental assessments mandated by the National Environmental Policy Act and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations, and environmental land management and land-condition monitoring plans required by the U.S. Army. The information presented in this report was extracted from a number of sources. A particular wealth of data is available for Camp Swift, probably more than for any other training area, because it was the object of extensive environmental baseline and sensitivity studies for a proposed lignite lease in the late 1970s and early 1980s. These prior studies are referred to extensively in this report.

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