Multidimensional ethno-racial status in Latin American contexts of mestizaje

dc.contributor.advisorRodriguez, Néstor
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBratter, Jenifer L
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHummer, Robert A
dc.contributor.committeeMemberPowers, Daniel A
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWeinreb, Alexander A
dc.creatorParedes Egúsquiza, Cristian Luis
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-14T14:55:31Z
dc.date.available2019-08-14T14:55:31Z
dc.date.created2017-05
dc.date.issued2017-04-25
dc.date.submittedMay 2017
dc.date.updated2019-08-14T14:55:32Z
dc.description.abstractIn this dissertation, I propose a framework to explain ethno-racial status in contexts of mestizaje (Spanish for ethno-racial mixture). Ethno-racial status refers to the combination of socially ranked and individually embodied ethno-racial characteristics. These characteristics represent distinct dimensions that should be considered together when analyzing ethno-racial issues in these contexts: phenotype, ancestry, and self-identification. I alternatively interpret self-identification, beyond phenotype and ancestry, as exposure to the beliefs –ethno-racial ideologies– that give meaning to local ethno-racial identities rather than explaining it as a central indicator of race. Using survey data, I investigate whether phenotype is a significant dimension of ethno-racial status in Guatemala. I examine the association between skin color and ethnic self-identification, and differences by ethno-racial characteristics in the perception of skin color discrimination, and in the desire for a whiter skin color. I find evidence of a direct association between skin color and ladino self-identification, a greater perception of skin color discrimination by individuals with more indigenous characteristics, and a direct association between indigenous ancestry, captured by indigenous first language, and the desire for a whiter skin color. These findings reveal the significance of phenotype as a distinct dimension of ethno-racial status in Guatemala beyond ancestry and ethnic self-identification. Next, I examine whether there are significant differences in educational attainment and household possessions by phenotype, ancestry, and self-identification in Peru. I find that indigenous/Afro ancestries and darker skin colors are inversely associated with both socioeconomic outcomes. Moreover, white self-identification compared to mestizo is negatively associated with educational attainment, but positively associated with household possessions. This study unveils ethno-racial ideologies as relevant beliefs that are instrumental in gaining socioeconomic advantages. Afterward, I investigate whether Catholic self-identification is directly associated with non-Afro ethno-racial self-identifications, and whether individuals who self-identify as Catholic are significantly prejudiced against Haitians in the Dominican Republic. I find regional-level evidence of a direct association between Catholic self-identification and non-Afro ethno-racial self-identifications. I also find national- and regional-level evidence of a direct association between Catholic self-identification and prejudice against Haitians. These findings reveal the role of Catholicism as a relevant aspect of racialized Dominicanidad (“Dominican-ness”).
dc.description.departmentSociology
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2152/75534
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.26153/tsw/2639
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectEthno-racial status
dc.subjectMestizaje
dc.subjectLatin America
dc.titleMultidimensional ethno-racial status in Latin American contexts of mestizaje
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.materialtext
thesis.degree.departmentSociology
thesis.degree.disciplineSociology
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
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