A Review of Community-Based Interventions and Educational Initiatives for Overdose Prevention & Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in the United States

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2024

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Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a major health challenge facing the United States today, with 80,411 people dying from opioid-involved overdoses in 2021, accounting for 75.4% of overdose deaths. OUD disproportionately affects American Indian/Alaska Natives, people who live in rural areas, and young people ages 18-25. Each of these groups requires a distinct approach to reduce overdose deaths and OUD. This literature review included 22 papers to elucidate the specific aspects of successful community-based interventions and educational initiatives for overdose prevention deployed in the United States. Cultural sensitivity, peer involvement, and advancements in technology such as telehealth were found to be crucial next steps and key aspects of successful interventions.

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