Site Selection for Gri Cooperative Tight Gas Field Resesarch Volume 2: Geologic Characteristics of Selected Low-Permeability Gas Sandstones

Abstract

Geological, engineering, and economic data on selected formations were compiled to provide a basis for siting the fourth Staged Field Experiment (SFE) for the Tight Gas Sands research program. The geologic units chosen are the Abo, Cleveland, and Frontier Formations, and the Mesaverde Group. Extrapolation potential is good for all formations except the Cleveland, whose thin deltaic package has no good analogy in other low-permeability sandstones. The Abo has the best potential for extrapolation to other low-permeability formations. The average thickness of reservoirs is about 250 ft in the Mesaverde and Abo, 160 ft in the Frontier, and 120 ft in the Cleveland. The deepest production depth varies from 4,750 ft (Abo) to 12,198 ft (Second Frontier sandstone). The estimated resource base ranges from 3 TCF (Abo) to 86 TCF (Mesaverde). Pre-stimulation production ranges from too small to measure (Cleveland, Frontier, Mesaverde) to 314 MCFD (Frontier). Post-stimulation production ranges from 3 MCFD (Mesaverde) to 12,250 MCFD (Cleveland). Permeability ranges from less than 0.0001 md (Frontier) to 1.3 md (Frontier). Natural fractures have been shown to be significant locally in the Mesaverde, but their contribution to reservoir permeability in the other formations is not well-documented.

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