ON PROCESS STABILITY IN WAAM-CMT OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS

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Date

2023

Authors

Thien, Austen
Kelly, Kathryn M.
Massey, Caroline E.
Saldana, Christopher J.

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Publisher

University of Texas at Austin

Abstract

Wire-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) has become a cost-efficient metal additive manufacturing process. However, depositing aluminum with WAAM is challenging due to its sensitivity to heat input (linear energy density), which can cause undesirable surface topology waviness if not controlled. Thus, a process window is needed that can produce stable geometry and deposition conditions while minimizing production times. In this study, 5183 aluminum alloy wire is used to deposit 10-layer walls with varying wire feed speeds (WFS) and traverse speeds (TS) (at a constant WFS/TS ratio) and varying interpass temperature (IPT). In-situ process data consisting of optical contact-tip-workpiece-distance (CTWD) and current/voltage measurements are collected to determine process condition stability throughout the build. Part geometry is measured using a 3D scanner and build porosity is characterized via digital X-ray. A process window is identified that produces stable surface topology and process conditions at a minimal production time.

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