Microstructural and Mechanical Performance of Al2O3 Nanoparticle Reinforced 17-4 PH Stainless Steel Bulk Composite Parts Fabricated by Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process

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Ning, Fuda
Hu, Yingbin
Liu, Zhichao
Wang, Hui
Cong, Weilong
Li, Yuzhou

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University of Texas at Austin


Alloy 17-4 PH (AISI 630) is a precipitation-hardening martensitic stainless steel that has been extensively employed in the industries of aerospace, marine, and chemical. In this study, bulk parts of both 17-4 PH and Al2O3 reinforced 17-4 PH composites were fabricated on a steel substrate by laser engineered net shaping (LENS) process to investigate the effects of Al2O3 reinforcements on the part performance. The 17-4 PH powders were pre-mixed with Al2O3 nanoparticles by ball milling. The microstructures of both parts were observed using scanning electron microscopy and mechanical properties including microhardness and compressive properties were evaluated by means of a Vickers microhardness tester and a universal tester, respectively. The results indicate that Al2O3 reinforced 17-4 PH composite parts fabricated by LENS process exhibited superior microhardness and compressive properties as compared to pure 17-4 PH parts.


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