Development and Validation of an Instrument to Assess Social Work Students’ Perceptions, Knowledge, and Attitudes About Human Trafficking Questionnaire (PKA-HTQ): An Exploratory Study

Nsonwu, Maura Busch
Welch-Brewer, Chiquitia
Cook Heffron, Laurie
Lemke, Melinda A.
Busch-Armendariz, Noel
Sulley, Caitlin
Cook, Sharon Warren
Lewis, Mary
Watson, Elizabeth
Moore, Wayne
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Research on Social Work Practice

Objective: This study sought to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a tool designed to assess social work students’ knowledge of and perceptions and attitudes toward human trafficking. To achieve this aim, the Perceptions, Knowledge, and Attitudes toward Human Trafficking Questionnaire (PKA-HTQ) was developed and its psychometric properties were evaluated. Specifically, the factor structure and the internal consistency of the PKA-HTQ were evaluated. Methods: Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a replication EFA were conducted on two independent samples of university students, an initial validation (n = 325), and cross-validation (n = 212) sample. Findings: The EFA revealed a three-factor structure, that is, self-appraisal of knowledge/skills (α = .89), worldview (α =.78), and help-seeking behavior (α =.66); this three-factor structure was supported by replication EFA. Conclusion: The PKA-HTQ questionnaire shows promise as a meaningful, potentially reliable and valid measure.

Nsonwu, M. B., Welch-Brewer, C., Cook-Heffron, L., Lemke, M., Busch-Armendariz, N. B., Sulley, C., et al. (2015). Development and validation of an instrument to assess social work students’ perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes about human trafficking: An exploratory study. Research on Social Work Practice, 27(5), 561–571.