Polarimetric SAR decomposition of temperate Ice Cap Hofsjokull, central Iceland
Fully-polarimetric UAVSAR data of Hofsjokull Ice Cap, central Iceland, taken in June 2009 was decomposed using Pauli-based coherent decomposition as well as Cloude and H/A/alpha eigenvector-based decomposition methods. The goals of this research were to evaluate the effect of the near-surface conditions of temperate glaciers on polarized SAR data and investigate the potential of creating a model of the radar scattering mechanisms based on the decomposed elements and local temperature. The results of this data analysis show a strong relationship between the Pauli and H/A/alpha decomposition elements and the near-surface conditions. Fitting curves to the normalized Pauli decomposition elements shows consistent trends across several spatially independent regions of the ice cap suggesting that the Pauli elements might be useful for modeling the scattering mechanisms of temperate ice with various surface conditions.