The Rohingya Crisis in Myanmar: Rethinking International Engagement Toward Better Humanitarian Protection
The Rohingyas have been described as the ‘world’s most persecuted population.’ As a Muslim minority population living in the Rakhine region of Burma, the Rohingya population continues to face political persecution and widespread discrimination at the hands of the military. In addition, the humanitarian crisis has evoked little sympathy from the Burmese population, who refers to the Rohingyas as illegal immigrants. The ethnic tensions have culminated over decades of hostility, leading to violent outbreaks in 2012, 2015, and most recently 2017. While the eruption of the Rohingya crisis has left more than 670,000 people displaced, the broader human rights community has been largely ineffective in taking actions. Their engagement strategy has been fragmented at best, leaving outside actors unable to create policies that can prevent these mass atrocities from occurring. The aim of this thesis, therefore, is to address the gap in international engagement with Burma, with the intersection of human rights and domestic politics at the foundation.