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dc.contributor.advisorNussbaum, Nancyen
dc.contributor.advisorSherry, Alissa Renéen
dc.creatorKerne, Valerie Van Hornen
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-15T20:15:09Zen
dc.date.available2012-11-15T20:15:09Zen
dc.date.created2012-08en
dc.date.issued2012-11-15en
dc.date.submittedAugust 2012en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2012-08-6099en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractADHD is a well researched disorder in children and is associated with impairments in social functioning (Barkley, 2006). However, little is known about the etiology of social difficulties. An emerging body of literature is beginning to address the possible role social cognition may share in the social functioning outcomes in children with ADHD (Buitelaar et al., 1999; Corbett & Glidden, 2000; DaFonseca et al., 2009; Rapport et al., 2002; Sibley et al., 2010; Yuill & Lyon, 2007). Yet, research focusing on social cognition deficits in ADHD that accounts for subtype differences is limited. Some studies evaluated social cognition in CT children only (Corbett & Glidden, 2000; DaFonseca et al., 2009; Rapport et al., 2002) while other research utilized behavior ratings or sociometric studies (Matthys et al., 1999; Zentall et al., 2001). Another body of literature has examined the impact executive functioning deficits may have on social functioning (Barkley, 1997; Charman et al., 2001; Chhabildas et al., 2001). The purpose of the current study was to identify factors that predict social functioning impairments in children with ADHD as well as differentiate between ADHD subtypes. Participants included 89 youth with ages ranging from 6 to 16 years (M = 10.19, SD = 2.76). Forty-nine children met the diagnostic criteria for ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Subtype (PI) and 40 for ADHD, Combined Type (CT). Results indicated CT youth demonstrated more aggressive and rule-breaking behavior than PI youth. Measures of social cognition did not predict ADHD subtype, and when compared to a normative sample, participants performed in the average range on affect recognition and theory of mind tasks. Performance-based measures of executive functioning largely associated with inattention (i.e., vigilance, processing speed, and working memory) best predicted subtype differences with CT youth being more impaired. Executive functioning, not social cognition, was predictive of social maladjustment in CT and PI youth. For CT youth, deficits in emotion control, shift, and initiate were related to anxiety, aggressive behavior, and depressed mood. Similarly, emotion control and shift were predictors of aggressive behavior, anxiety, and depressed mood in PI youth with deficits in self-monitoring, initiate, and inhibit as secondary predictors.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectADHDen
dc.subjectChildren and adolescentsen
dc.subjectSocial functioningen
dc.subjectSocial cognitionen
dc.subjectExecutive functioningen
dc.titleSocial functioning, social cognition, and executive functioning differences associated with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder subtypesen
dc.date.updated2012-11-15T20:15:21Zen
dc.identifier.slug2152/ETD-UT-2012-08-6099en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMcCarthy, Christopher J.en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKeith, Timothy Z.en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBunner, Melissa R.en
dc.description.departmentEducational Psychologyen
dc.type.genrethesisen
thesis.degree.departmentEducational Psychologyen
thesis.degree.disciplineEducational Psychologyen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen


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