Studies toward the total synthesis of (–)-stolonidiol : a small molecule inducer of choline acetyltransferase
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The marine diterpene (–)-stolonidiol (1) has been shown to upregulate neuronal levels of acetylcholine. The mechanism through which a small molecule can impart this allosteric-like effect is currently unknown. A laboratory preparation of the natural product was undertaken in order to produce matieral for biological testing and elucidation of the unknown mechanism of action. During the course of this study, a tandem enyne-Suzuki reaction was investigated to form both rings of the fused bi-cyclic structure 26 in a single operation, but was met with undesired diastereoselectivity in the first cyclization step. The directing effect was found to be general on 1,6-homopropargyl enynes. Further efforts toward the molecule focused on an enantioselective formation of the cyclopentane core through an extension of a copper-mediated silylcyclization of epoxyalkyne 71. Using this intermediate two routes involving acrylate as a lynchpin to close the large ring were investigated. Additionally, a route designed to employ an intramolecular Knoevenagel condensation was explored to generate this ring system.