Cellular and peer-to-peer millimeter wave channel sounding in outdoor urban environments
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Millimeter wave (mm-Wave) systems have become very attractive recently as lower frequency spectrums used for mobile device communications have been experiencing a “spectral crunch” due to the dissemination of smartphones. Channel characterization of the outdoor urban environment, where networks for mobile devices require the highest data capacity, has been quite scarce and even non-existent for cellular (rooftop to ground) setting measurements. Our project characterizes the urban environment at 38 GHz in a cellular setting and 38 and 60 GHz in a peer-to-peer setting. A sliding correlator channel sounder with an 800 MHz RF bandwidth at 38 GHz and 1.5 GHz RF bandwidth at 60 GHz was constructed to measure the channel using a bandwidth that is larger than the expected bandwidths of future mm-Wave channels. Directional antennas were utilized during the measurements to imitate mm-Wave systems using beam steering antenna arrays, which also allowed for AOA characterization. Path loss and RMS delay spread statistics are provided. Finally, an outage study was performed to test the outage likelihood in an urban environment with many multi-story buildings.