Predictive factors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in pediatric medical trauma patients : the influence of cognitive development on appraisal factors
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This report will provide an overview of the literature on predictive factors of the development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in pediatric medical trauma patients as well as discuss the influence of cognitive development on the validity of such predictive factors. The report will propose that the validity of current predictive factors, including trauma memory, parental influence, and appraisals of the trauma and its sequelae, may alter across child development due to differences in cognitive abilities. In particular, the report proposes examining the following questions for pediatric patients (5 to 17 years of age) who have endured a medical trauma: 1) Are appraisal predictive values of PTSD moderated by age; 2) Is data-driven processing‟s predictive value of PTSD moderated by parental attitude of avoidance. The report additionally outlines hypotheses as well as proposes the methodology and statistics to examine the proposed hypotheses. Limitations as well as the importance of this study are discussed.