Dynamic modeling of six-pulse rectifier for short-circuit current characterization
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Existing models describing the dynamic behavior of a six-pulse rectifier during a short-circuit fault condition are derived from switch models using time-domain average value parametric functions. Unlike these models, novel non-parametric dynamic models have been developed using analytical average-value modeling approach in this work. In this modeling approach, depending upon the number of switches conducting during a switching cycle, the operating point of the rectifier is brought into one of three modes of operation of a six-pulse rectifier. The model for each mode is represented by a differential equation. During output current calculation for the rectifier the operating model is selected based on firing angle and overlap angle functions derived in this paper. They completely characterize the dynamic behavior of current flowing through the dc inductor for a wide range of operating conditions with the exception of harmonics and asymmetrical currents which are dominant for faults occurring at the terminals of the rectifier upstream of the smoothing inductor. The results from the average value model and few other simple models have been applied for Thevenin ac source and synchronous generator supplied rectifier models to determine the characteristics of short circuit current from the rectifier.