Statistical analysis of TxCAP and its subsystems
The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) uses the Texas Condition Assessment Program (TxCAP) to measure and compare the overall road maintenance conditions among its 25 districts. TxCAP combines data from three existing subsystems: the Pavement Management Information System (PMIS), which scores the condition of pavement; the Texas Maintenance Assessment Program (TxMAP), which evaluates roadside conditions; and the Texas Traffic Assessment Program (TxTAP), which evaluates the condition of signs, work zones, railroad crossings, and other traffic elements to get an overall picture of the condition of state roads. As a result, TxCAP provides a more comprehensive assessment of the interstate and non-interstate highways. However, the scores for each of the subsystems are based on data of different sample sizes, accuracy, and levels of variations, making it difficult to decide if the difference between two TxCAP score is a true difference or measurement error. Therefore, whether the use of TxCAP is an effective and consistent means to measure the TxDOT roadway maintenance conditions raises concerns and needs to be evaluated. In order to achieve this objective, statistical analyses of the system were conducted in two ways: 1) to determine whether sufficient samples are collected for each of the subsystems, and 2) to determine if the scores are statistically different from each other. A case study was conducted with a dataset covering the whole state from 2008 to 2010. The case study results show that the difference in scores between two districts are statistically significant for some of the districts and insignificant for some other districts. It is therefore recommended that TxDOT either compare the 25 districts by groups/tiers or increase the sample size of the data being collected to compare the districts as individual ones.