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dc.contributor.advisorMeier, Richard P.en
dc.creatorLyu, Hee Youngen
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-25T14:02:07Zen
dc.date.available2011-10-25T14:02:07Zen
dc.date.issued2011-08en
dc.date.submittedAugust 2011en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-08-3984en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractThe goal of this dissertation is to argue on the basis of the minimalist framework that the topichood of sentence topics and contrastive focus result from derivational and structural differences in the left periphery and to provide acquisition data from child language to support this claim, showing data from Korean, a free word-order and pro-drop language in which topics and contrastive foci are realized morphologically. In Korean, topic phrases merge in the left periphery and contrastive focus phrases undergo scrambling, one of the shared properties of free word-order languages. It is consistent in fixed word-order languages such as Italian and Hungarian and a free word-order language like Korean that topics merge and contrastive foci move to the left. Topics precede contrastive foci: topics merge in TopP, a higher functional projection than FocP, to which focus phrases move. In the process of language acquisition, the derivational and structural differences between topic phrases and contrastive focus phrases may have influences on the developmental order of grammar acquisition. In acquisition data from two-year-old Korean children, topics emerge earlier than contrastive foci, indicating that topic and contrastive focus are also acquisitionally different. This study is the first attempt to examine the structural differences and the influence on language acquisition of morphologically derived topic phrases and contrastive focus phrases in acquisition data from a free word-order and pro-drop language. This study shows the structural consistency of topic and contrastive focus between a free word-order language and fixed word-order languages. The syntactic and acquisitional distinction of topic merge and contrastive focus movement is compatible with the semantic and pragmatic approaches to topic and focus. This study provides evidence of the syntactic differences between topic and contrastive focus without dependence on phonetic features; therefore, this study is a base for drawing a map of the left periphery of human languages.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectSyntaxen
dc.subjectLanguage acquisitionen
dc.subjectTopicen
dc.subjectFocusen
dc.subjectMergeen
dc.subjectScramblingen
dc.titleA grammatical approach to topic and focus : a syntactic analysis with preliminary evidence from language acquisitionen
dc.date.updated2011-10-25T14:02:15Zen
dc.identifier.slug2152/ETD-UT-2011-08-3984en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberGreen, Lisa J.en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWechsler, Stephen M.en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBeavers, John T.en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberAsher, Nicholas M.en
dc.description.departmentLinguisticsen
dc.type.genrethesisen
thesis.degree.departmentLinguisticsen
thesis.degree.disciplineLinguisticsen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen


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