Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorFromme, Kimen
dc.creatorQuinn, Patrick Donovanen
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-06T14:54:03Zen
dc.date.available2011-10-06T14:54:03Zen
dc.date.issued2011-08en
dc.date.submittedAugust 2011en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2011-08-3789en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractAlthough alcohol use and related problems are highly prevalent in emerging adulthood overall, college students drink somewhat more than do their peers who do not attend college. The personal or social influences underlying this difference, however, are not yet well understood. The present study examined whether personality traits (i.e., self-regulation and sensation seeking) and peer influence (i.e., descriptive drinking norms) contributed to student status differences. At approximately age 22, 4-year college students (n = 331) and noncollege emerging adults (n = 502) completed web-based surveys, including measures of alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, personality, and social norms. College students drank only slightly more heavily. This small difference, however, reflected personality suppression. College students were lower in trait-based risk for drinking, and accounting for traits revealed a stronger positive association between attending college and drinking more heavily. Although noncollege emerging adults reported greater descriptive drinking norms for social group members, norms appeared to more strongly influence alcohol use among college students. Finally, despite drinking less, noncollege individuals experienced more alcohol-related problems. The association between attending college and drinking heavily may be larger than previously estimated, and it may be masked by biased selection into college as a function of both self-regulation and sensation seeking. Differing patterns of alcohol use, its predictors, and its consequences emerged for the college and noncollege samples, suggesting that differing intervention strategies may best meet the needs of each population.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectAlcoholen
dc.subjectCollege studentsen
dc.subjectSelf-regulationen
dc.subjectSensation seekingen
dc.subjectSocial normsen
dc.titleAlcohol use and related problems among college students and their noncollege peers : the competing roles of personality and peer influenceen
dc.date.updated2011-10-06T14:54:12Zen
dc.identifier.slug2152/ETD-UT-2011-08-3789en
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHarden, Kathryn P.en
dc.description.departmentPsychologyen
dc.type.genrethesisen
thesis.degree.departmentPsychologyen
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelMastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen


Files in this item

Icon

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record