Learning in motion : the promise of school-based kinesthetic learning interventions
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Learning styles may play an important role in how students learn. Three primary types of learning styles are visual, auditory and kinesthetic. Visual learners prefer to see information to process and retain it. Auditory learners prefer to listen to or discuss information and kinesthetic, learners use their bodies and movement to take in knowledge. Students can learn through any modality, but some researchers argue they do so most effectively when their particular learning style is accommodated. Several populations of students that may be labeled as underachievers, possibly due to their preferences not matching the classroom environment. Visual and auditory learners are most frequently catered to within the classroom. Seemingly, students with kinesthetic learning preferences are often not given the chance to move and experience lessons. This prevents them from using their preferred style which allows them to concentrate on the task at hand and keeps them challenged. Experiential learning also allows students to connect classroom content to real-world applications. Educators, including school counselors, have a responsibility to educate students, teachers and parents about learning styles. Counselors can also advocate for students with different learning styles. Diversifying teaching and counseling interventions to accommodate student learning styles will help American schools function more effectively.