Community integration after TBI post-acute rehabilitation : a review
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also referred to as an acquired brain injury, is caused by damage to the brain as a result of trauma to the head. The following report serves as a resource for patients and families wanting to gain information regarding community integration outcomes after participation in post-acute rehabilitation programs. The goal of the post-acute level of medical care is to increase functionality and serve as a transition for the patient from the rehabilitation facility to life within the community. A thorough examination of community integration after participation in a post-acute rehabilitative program with the use of the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) is provided. After investigation of the available literature, four articles were found to meet inclusion criteria and were included within the review. All studies included met the following criteria. Participants were ages 17 to 65 years old, had a diagnosis of moderate to severe TBI, were enrolled in post-acute rehabilitation, and were assessed with the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ). Overall, the available literature suggests that completion of a program within a post-acute facility does create positive outcomes for the individual with TBI; however, the outcomes are dependent on various factors regarding TBI severity, the administration of intervention, the type of intervention, time post-onset and age of participants at the time of onset. Future research is necessary to provide a more comprehensive view of post-acute rehabilitation and the outcomes that these patients may expect as they begin their road to recovery.