Development of a chemical treatment for condensate and water blocking in carbonate gas reservoirs
MetadataShow full item record
Many gas wells suffer a loss in productivity due to liquid accumulation in the near wellbore region. This problem starts as the flowing bottom hole pressure drops below the dew point in wells producing from gas condensate reservoirs. Chemical stimulation may be used as a remedy, by altering the wettability to non-liquid wetting. Successful treatments decrease liquid trapping, increase fluids mobility, and improve the well’s deliverability. The main focus in this research was to develop an effective chemical treatment to mitigate liquid blocking in gas wells producing from carbonate reservoirs. In the initial stages, screening tests were developed to quickly and effectively identify suitable chemicals from a large pool of compounds. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) measurements, drop imbibition tests, and contact angle measurements with water and n-decane were found to be necessary but not sufficient indicators of the effectiveness of the chemicals and were used as screening tools. An integral part of the development of the treatment solution was the selection of a solvent mixture capable of delivering the fluorinated chemical to the rock surface. The treatment solution, mixture of chemical dissolved in solvent, must be stable in the presence of both brine and condensate so that it will not precipitate and will not reduce permeability of the rock. Through phase behavior studies the compatibility of the treatment solution and in-situ brines were investigated to reduce the risk of failure in the coreflood experiments. The measured relative permeability values in Texas Cream Limestone and Silurian Dolomite cores are demonstrate from high-pressure, high-temperature coreflood experiments before and after treatment. Measurements were made using a pseudo-steady-state method with synthetic gas-condensate mixtures. To enhance the durability of the treatment a special amine primer is introduced.