Numerical techniques for the design and prediction of performance of marine turbines and propellers
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The performance of a horizontal axis marine current turbine is predicted by three numerical methods, vortex lattice method MPUF-3A, boundary element method PROPCAV and a commercial RANS solver FLUENT. The predictions are compared with the experimental measurements for the same turbine model. A fully unsteady wake alignment is utilized in order to model the realistic wake geometry of the turbine. A lifting line theory based method is developed to produce the optimum circulation distribution for turbines and propellers and a lifting line theory based database searching method is used to achieve the optimum circulation distribution for tidal turbines. A nonlinear optimization method (CAVOPT-3D) and another database-searching design method (CAVOPT-BASE) are utilized to design the blades of marine current turbines and marine propellers. A design procedure for the tidal turbine is proposed by using the developed methods successively. Finally, an interactive viscous/potential flow method is utilized to analyze the effect of nonuniform inflow on the performance of tidal turbines.