Semi-empirical model of convection heat transfer at windows and blinds near floor diffusers for use in building energy modeling
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Accurate modeling of energy flows in buildings is necessary for optimization of mechanical systems, and architectural designs and components. One specific process which has been studied little is that of forced convection on the interior surfaces of window assemblies, which is present in the majority of newly constructed commercial buildings. To this end, energy flows associated with a specific Heating Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) configuration- a floor register near a glass curtain wall with or without Venetian blinds- are analyzed experimentally and partially described with accepted theory. Natural convection at the same surface is analyzed as well, both to establish a baseline and to experimentally validate the experimental setup. A 60 cubic meter environmental chamber with precisely controlled interior conditions and electrical resistance heating panels is employed to study heat transfer at the interior surfaces of a building’s envelope. Convection heat transfer processes for various blind angles, HVAC regimes, surface temperatures, and window sizes are examined. Results show that convection at window and blind surfaces is highly dependent on blind angle, supply temperature and flow rate, moderately dependent on room-supply air temperature difference and HVAC regime, and weakly dependent on surface-supply air temperature difference. A simplified model of convection heat transfer in this particular situation is proposed for easy implementation in energy modeling software.