Stretch-induced compressive stress and wrinkling in elastic thin sheets
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A finite element analysis approach is used to determine the susceptibility to wrinkles for thin sheets with clamped ends when subjected to tensile loading. The model problem chosen to do this analysis is the stretching of a thin sheet with clamped-ends. In the preliminary analysis, a stress analysis of thin sheets is done to study the stresses that develop under these boundary conditions. The analysis shows that there is a stretch-induced compressive stress in the transverse direction to the applied load that causes wrinkles. Then, the parametric study is conducted to determine the effect of aspect ratio and strain on the compressive stress. Based on the results of the parametric study, a critical strain value for each aspect ratio is determined for which the corresponding compressive stress is zero. Further buckling analysis is performed to find the buckling modes of the model problem that shows a limit of aspect ratio below which buckling is not possible under given conditions. Finally, post-buckling analysis shows the nature of wrinkles observed in the model problem for different aspect ratios.