Single-stage large-angle beam steering optical phased array on silicon nanomembrane
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In this paper, we present the results of the design and fabrication of a 12 channel nano-membrane-based optical phased array that allows for large angle beam steering operating at wavelength=1.55µm. Our device is fabricated on silicon-on-insulator using standard CMOS process. By implementing unequally spaced waveguide array elements, we can relax the half-wavelength spacing requirement for large angle beam steering, thereby avoiding the optical coupling between adjacent waveguides and reducing the side-lobe-level of the array radiation pattern. 1D beam steering of tranverse-electric polarized single mode light is designed to be achieved thermo-optically through the use of thin film metal phase shifters.