Analysis of the correlation between wind power generation and system response characteristics following unit trips on the ERCOT grid
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Electric power generation using wind turbines is on the rise in not only the United States but the entire globe. While the benefits from such methods of generation include clean and renewable energy, wind turbines may pose a potential risk to the stability of grid operation. Wind turbine generators are similar to conventional generators; however, the manner with which the wind turbine is coupled to the grid may reduce system inertia and increase the magnitude of transient stability problems. This study empirically examines the effect of wind generation on ERCOT system response characteristics following unit trips such as frequency drop, and phasor oscillation frequency and damping. It is shown with a high degree of certainty that an increase in wind generation is leading to a greater phasor oscillation frequency and lesser system inertia. Wind generation may also be leading to less system damping and smaller power frequency drops.