Compression/injection molding of bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
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Fuel cells are electrochemical energy conversion devices that convert chemical energy to electrical energy efficiently. Bipolar plates form an integral part of a fuel cell and their high manufacturing cost and low production rate have hindered the commercialization of fuel cells. Bipolar plates require high electrical conductivity, strength, chemical resistance and thermal conductivity. This thesis presents efforts to manufacture bipolar plates which meet these requirements using compression or injection molding. Compression or injection molding processes allow cost-effective, large-scale manufacturing of bipolar plates. A variety of material systems for the fabrication of bipolar plates are processed, molded and characterized.