Primary and secondary emissions from green building materials : large chamber experiments
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Indoor sources of air pollution generate a large fraction of overall human exposure to airborne pollutants. Materials used in buildings have been shown to be a major contributor to indoor air pollution, with green building agencies setting guidelines limiting their primary emissions. However, such guidelines neglect secondary emissions resulting from chemistry occurring in indoor spaces. Furthermore, limited knowledge exists regarding ozone reactions and green building materials. This study focuses on the primary aldehyde emissions, ozone deposition velocity, and secondary emissions from three green building materials: recycled carpet, sustainable ceiling tile, and low-VOC paint and primer on recycled drywall. Ozone reactions resulted in secondary aldehyde emissions ranging from no increased secondary emissions to 237 µg m-2 hr-1. Modeling results suggest that these emissions can cause concentration increases beyond odor thresholds.