Thermal-electrical co-simulation of shipboard integrated power systems on an all-electric ship
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The goal of the work reported herein has been to model aspects of the electrical distribution system of an all-electric ship (AES) and to couple electrical load behavior with the thermal management network aboard the ship. The development of a thermally dependent electrical network has built upon an in-house thermal management simulation environment to replace the existing steady state heat loads with dynamic, thermally dependent, electrical heat loads. Quantifying the close relationship between thermal and electrical systems is of fundamental importance in a large, integrated system like the AES. This in-house thermal management environment, called the Dynamic Thermal Modeling and Simulation (DTMS) framework, provided the fundamental capabilities for modeling thermal systems and subsystems relevant to the AES. The motivation behind the initial work on DTMS was to understand the dynamics of thermal management aboard the ship. The first version, developed in 2007, captured the fundamental aspects of system-level thermal management while maintaining modularity and allowing for further development into other energy domains. The reconfigurable nature of the DTMS framework allowed for the expansion into the electrical domain with the creation of an electrical distribution network in support of thermal simulations. The dynamics of the electrical distribution system of the AES were captured using reconfigurable and physics-based circuit elements that allow for thermal feedback to affect the behavior of the system. Following the creation of the electrical network, subsystems and systems were created to simulate electrical distribution. Then, again using the modularity features of DTMS, a thermal resistive heat flow network was created to capture the transient behavior of heat flow from the electrical network to the existing thermal management framework. This network provides the intimate link between the thermal management framework and the electrical distribution system. Finally, the three frameworks (electrical, thermal resistive, and thermal management) were combined to quantify the impact that each system has relative to system-level operation. Simulations provide an indication of the unlimited configurations and potential design space a user of DTMS can explore to explore the design of an AES.