Arab perspectives on Fanonist thought, 1960s - 1970s
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This thesis examines key writings about Fanonist thought published in the 1960s and 1970s in order to better understand the literary, political and cultural scenes of the Arab world. Expanding upon work on the decolonization of the Arab world, and studies of Fanon’s translation into Arabic, this thesis argues that Fanon’s theories, like those of Lenin, Mao, Guevara and others, influenced Arab anti-colonialism. The project begins with a survey of the periodicals, publishing houses, and individuals circulating translations and reviews of Fanon’s work. From there, I identify two full length studies: Franz Fanun aw Mu’araka al-Sha’aub al-Mutakhalifa (Frantz Fanon or the struggle of Developing Countries) (1963), and Franz Fanun wa al-Thawra al-Jaza’iriyya (Frantz Fanon and the Algerian Revolution) (1975), and study them alongside the 1970 article, Franz Fanun wa al-‘unf (Frantz Fanon and Violence) in the following chapters. I find the commonalities among these three works, observing discussions about race and the Négritude movement, global revolution, and decolonization. Through my study I find that each author endorses the major tenet of Fanonist thought, violence as a means of decolonization, and that they credit the Algerian Revolution as a politicizing moment for Fanon. These perspectives help us to better situation how and why Fanon influenced armed struggle movements in the Arab world and beyond.