Numerical and Experimental Analysis of the Powder Flow Streams in the Laser Aided Material Deposition Process 512
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Axial powder stream concentration between the nozzle end and the deposition point is an important process parameter in the laser aided material deposition process. The powder concentration is greatly influenced by the nozzle geometry in use. This paper describes the numerical and experimental analysis of this important parameter in relation to the coaxial nozzle. The experiments are performed with the different nozzle geometries to generate various flow patterns of the gravity fed powder in a cold stream. The results of the experimental analysis are compared with the numerical simulation and found justified. These results are used in concluding the significance of important nozzle parameters for various powder concentration modes.