Admittance measurement for tuning bi-ventricular pacemakers
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An apparatus for treating a heart of a patient includes a first lead and at least a second lead for pacing the heart adapted to be in electrical communication with the heart. The apparatus includes a microcontroller in communication with the first and second leads which triggers the first lead at either different times or the same time from when the microcontroller triggers the second lead. Alternatively, the apparatus includes a microcontroller in communication with the first and second leads that determines heart volume, including stroke volume, end-systolic volume, and calculated values including ejection fraction, from admittance from signals from the first and second leads and uses the admittance as feedback to control heart volume ejected, as measured by stroke volume, calculated values such as ejection fraction, and control end-systolic volume, with respect to the first and second leads. A method for treating the heart of a patient.