Photoelectrochemical ion concentration polarization : a microfluidic ion filtration system using light-driven electrochemical reactions
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We report an ion separation or filtration method used in microchannel called photoelectrochemical ion concentration polarization (pICP). As a variant of faradaic ion concentration polarization (fICP), pICP utilizes TiO₂ photoelectrochemistry to form an ion depletion zone (IDZ) with light. A microfluidic device with TiO₂ photoanode and Pt cathode generated IDZ near the cathode by generating a corresponding electrochemical reaction. Local electric field near the cathode was amplified with TiO₂ irradiation. Furthermore, on-chip solution conductivity measurement confirmed decrease in ion concentration as a consequence of pICP ion filtration.