Security Versus Security:Balancing Encryption, Privacy, And National Secuirty
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This paper analyzes the current debate over encryption policy. Through careful evaluation of possible solutions to ‘going dark’ as well has weighting the costsand benefits of each solution, we found exceptional access to information more harmful than helpful. Today, there seems to be no singular leading answer to the going dark problem. Exceptional access to data and communications is a simple solution for a simple problem, however going dark is very complex, and requires a multifaceted and refined solutions. Widespread encryption forces those listening—whether it is the NSA, FBI, foreign governments, criminals or terrorist—to be much more targeted. As for the going dark metaphor, it seems as though we are not entirely “going dark”, and yet we are not completely bright either. There are dark and bright spots coming and going across the technological landscape battling in a perpetual technological arms race. The findings of this paper, ultimately determine there to be no policy that doesn’t come without some cost. That said, there are a number of ways in which law enforcement can track criminals and terrorist without weakening encryption, which we determine to be the best direction in any win lose situation. Nevertheless, as technology continues to evolve and encryption capabilities continue to become a part of everyday life for Americans this debate will only grow larger, and we, as a society, must determine how tomake the best of it.