Microstructure and Property Optimization of LENS Deposited H13 TooFSteel
MetadataShow full item record
Direct laser metal deposition is a means of near net shape processing that offers a number of advantages including rapid prototyping and small lot production. With the LENS (Laser Engineered Net Shape) process [Ref 1], parts are fabricated by creating a laser melted pool into which particles are injected. Fabrication proceeds by moving the work piece, thereby building the structure line by line and layer by layer. In this manner a wide variety of geometries and structures can be fabricated. During fabrication, a complex thermal history is experienced in different regions of the build. These thermal histories include remelting and numerous lower temperature thermal cycles. Furthermore, the use of a finely focused laser to form the rapidly traversing pooL can result in relatively high solidification velocities and cooling rates. Previous work has developed LENS as an advanced manufacturing tool rather than exploiting its potentially unique attributes: real time control of microstructure, tailored material properties at different part locations, the production of graded structures, etc. Very often, however, material properties are not significantly different than those of wrought materials. The. goal of this program is to exploit the unusual thermal environment experienced during fabrication, and the ability to design and vary alloy composition. In this paper we describe this approach using H13 tool steel in which only the thennal fields are varied through changing process parameters to achieve desired properties.