Constraining the Milky Way potential with Double White Dwarfs
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The upcoming LISA mission is the only experiment that will allow us to study the Milky Way’s structure using gravitational wave signals from Galactic double white dwarfs (DWDs). The total number of expected detections exceeds 105. Furthermore, up to a hundred DWDs can be simultaneously detected in both gravitational and optical radiation (e.g. with Gaia and LSST as eclipsing), making DWDs ideal sources for performing a multi-messenger tomography of the Galaxy. We show that LISA will detect DWDs everywhere, mapping also the opposite side of the Galaxy. This complete coverage will : (1) provide precise and unbiased constraints on the scale radii of the Milky Way’s bulge and disc, and (2) allow us to compute the rotation curve and derive competitive estimates for the bulge and disc masses, when combining gravitational wave and optical observations.
The 21st European Workshop on White Dwarfs was held in Austin, TX from July 23rd to 27th of 2018