Adaptive reuse of industrial buildings for sustainability : analysis of sustainability and social values of industrial facades
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This thesis examines an adaptive reuse approach to industrial facades for sustainability. It is natural that buildings become redundant for many reasons, such as changes in economic and industrial practices, cost of maintenance, and people’s perceptions. Most of these buildings are no longer suited for their original function and a new use has not been decided for them. Adaptive reuse enables the conversion of existing, obsolete buildings and sites into new, mixed-use developments that will play an essential role in enhancing local communities. Recently, many coal-fired power plants in the United States have been retired because of the environmental regulations and the increased availability of natural gas. Through adaptive reuse, coal-fired power plants and abandoned industrial sites can contribute to life enhancement as a new source of vibrancy for the community, especially through focusing on the adaptive reuse of industrial facades. This thesis explores the changed ratio of facades comparing old industrial facades to new proposed ones. Based on Bollack’s diagrams of architectural transformation (Bollack 2013), I re-categorize the diagrams and add other types of adaptive reuse dealing with facades of industrial buildings. Additionally, analyzing several specific adaptive reuse projects, this thesis describes what potential values are in those projects and why it is important to focus on abandoned industrial buildings for urban sustainability. This thesis conducts a literature review on sustainability of adaptive reuse based on economic, environmental, and social values. The findings of this research show design criteria for industrial facade preservation and illustrate the positive effects of adaptive reuse. Through analysis of the case studies, this thesis proposes that the sustainable adaptive reuse of industrial buildings has great potential in social benefits.