Gender and feminism in the Israeli peace process : beyond UNSCR 1325
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In 2000, the United Nations passed Security Council Resolution 1325, calling for the inclusion of women in peace negotiations. Although preliminary research has found positive outcomes from peace processes where women’s groups have had influence, the mechanisms to explain how women’s inclusion can positively contribute to peace remain undefined. This paper examines existing “women and peace” theories, and proposes a theory to explain how including women, giving them influence, and including feminist perspectives can lead to more lasting peace. This theory is then tested using the case of the Israel/Palestine conflict, incorporating the results of interviews conducted by the author with Israeli peace activists from October 2015 to January 2016. The paper examines, in the context of this theory, why feminist Israeli peace activists and groups such as Jerusalem Link and the International Women’s Commission have struggled to obtain influence in past peace processes, and what contemporary women’s groups such as Women Wage Peace and Itach-Maaki have been doing to change that in the next one.