System design issues in dense urban millimeter wave cellular networks
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Upcoming deployments of cellular networks will see an increasing use of millimeter wave (mmWave) frequencies, roughly between 20-100 GHz. The goal of this dissertation is to investigate some key design issues in dense urban mmWave cellular networks by developing mathematical models that are representative of these networks. In the first contribution, stochastic geometry (SG) is used to study the per user rate performance of multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) in downlink mmWave cellular network incorporating the impact of a spatially sparse blockage dependent multipath channel and hybrid precoding. Performance of MU-MIMO is then compared with single-user beamforming and spatial multiplexing in different network scenarios considering coverage, rate and power consumption tradeoffs to suggest when to use which MIMO scheme. The second contribution reconsiders a popular received signal power model used in system capacity analysis of MIMO wireless networks employing single user beamforming. A modification is suggested to the model by introducing a correction factor. An approximate analysis is done to justify incorporating such a factor and simulations are performed to validate it's importance. Although this contribution does not study a new system design issue for mmWave cellular, it highlights a shortcoming with using the popular received signal power model to study design issues in mmWave cellular networks. The third and fourth contributions investigate resource allocation in self-backhauled mmWave cellular networks. In order to enable affordable initial deployments of mmWave cellular, self-backhauling is envisioned as a cost-saving solution. The third contribution investigates how to divide resources between uplink and downlink for access and backhaul in self-backhauled networks with single hop wireless backhauling. The performance of dynamic time division duplexing (TDD) and integrated access-backhaul (IAB) is compared with static TDD and orthogonal access backhaul (OAB) strategies using a SG based model. The last contribution of this dissertation addresses the following key question for self-backhauled networks. What is the maximum extended coverage area that a single fiber site can support using multi-hop relaying, while still achieving a minimum target per user data rate? The problem of maximizing minimum per user rates is studied considering a series of deployments with a single fiber site and varying number of relays. Several design guidelines for multi-hop mmWave cellular networks are provided based on the analytical and empirical results.