Interventions to Improve HIV/AIDS Outcomes in Latinx Immigrant Populations
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a powerful virus that suppresses patients’ natural immune response to disease, making them susceptible to opportunistic infections that can prove fatal if HIV is left untreated. Though there is no cure for HIV, it is easily treatable by post-infection treatment regimens, composed of antiretroviral medications and comprehensive counseling services, that are highly effective if regularly adhered to. However, several vulnerable populations in the US face barriers to entering and retaining care, and thus bear a disproportionate burden of negative HIV outcomes, including new HIV infection, progression to AIDS, and death. One such population is the Latinx immigrant population, who experience ecological, systemic, and sociocultural impediments to healthy behaviors. The ultimate goal of this paper is to comprehensively characterize major barriers to HIV healthcare utilization facing Latinx immigrants and propose a multi-level model that will improve clinical HIV outcomes of these populations. Focusing on treatment adherence in this transnationally mobile population is an innovative mechanism of addressing the global HIV epidemic, contrary to our current country-by-country strategy of allocating HIV care resources.