• Shape and Topology Structural Redesign by Large Perturbations 

      Bernitsas, Michael M.; Suryatama, Danet; Byungsik, Kang; Dale, G. Karr (1994)
      The ultimate goal in concurrent engineering of structures is to achieve simultaneously in the design stage the following objectives: (1) A shape that performs itsfunction, conforms with the boundary conditions,and can ...