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dc.contributor.advisorLouis, William Roger, 1936-
dc.creatorSimmons, Trevor Mark
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-21T15:46:09Z
dc.date.available2018-03-21T15:46:09Z
dc.date.created2015-12
dc.date.issued2015-12-02
dc.date.submittedDecember 2015
dc.identifierdoi:10.15781/T2P55F046
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/63902
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation examines the rise and development of the safari tourism industry in the British East Africa Protectorate (later Kenya) between 1900 and 1939. It shows how the establishment of British rule and the introduction of modern transportation technology made East Africa accessible and gradually transformed the region into a tourist attraction of great economic value that would come to be managed by imperial powers, advertised in a globalized marketplace, and visited by tourists who desired to hunt, photograph, and observe East Africa’s abundant wildlife on an adventure known as the “safari.” It became a lucrative business. Numerous outfitters, safari and travel companies, guides, and other safari workers entered the business and helped to make the industry a model of its kind in Africa. As the safari trade expanded and animal populations came under pressure, however, this industry began to adopt new, eco-friendly forms of wildlife tourism that could preserve the main elements of the tourist safari while reducing its toll on wildlife populations, a shift exemplified by the introduction of motorized tours, photographic and filmmaking safaris, and the quest to establish national parks. The research presented in this study, drawn from archival collections across three continents, demonstrates that the four decades between 1900 and 1939 became a crucial phase in the development of safari tourism in Kenya. During this time, safari tourism became a leading sector of the regional economy and gave rise to a highly developed commercial and institutional infrastructure that laid the foundations of modern wildlife tourism in Kenya. At the same time, the safari industry became a product of the British Empire, shaped by the laws, institutions, and attitudes of colonial rule. While the introduction of British rule and the arrival of British colonists promoted tourist development, built roads and railways, ensured a degree of security demanded by travelers, and linked foreign tourists with Africa, it also relegated indigenous Africans to subordinate positions in the industry, and forcibly relocated African settlements to make way for parks and tourist spaces. This meant that the prerogatives of the tourism industry often clashed with indigenous ideas of land use and economic management, instead serving the interests of the British community in Kenya who owned and controlled the trade. Thus, the development of safari tourism under the aegis of the British colonial state aided the material development of the industry, but also created economic, social, and racial inequalities that remain evident to the present day.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectSafari
dc.subjectTourism
dc.subjectAfrica
dc.subjectKenya
dc.subjectBritish Empire
dc.subjectWildlife
dc.subjectConservation
dc.subjectHunting
dc.subjectEnvironment
dc.subjectTravel
dc.subjectAdventure
dc.subjectSafari trade
dc.subjectSafari industry
dc.subjectSustainable tourism
dc.subjectSustainable wildlife tourism
dc.subjectSustainable safaris
dc.subjectTourism and economy
dc.subjectSafari tourism infrastructure
dc.subjectBritish colonial rule
dc.subjectSafari industry development
dc.subjectTourism and colonial rule
dc.titleSelling the African wilds : a history of the safari tourism industry in East Africa, 1900-1939
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.updated2018-03-21T15:46:09Z
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHunt, Bruce J
dc.contributor.committeeMemberVaughn, James M
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRaby, Megan
dc.contributor.committeeMemberZuelow, Eric G.E.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberLewis, Joanna
dc.description.departmentHistory
thesis.degree.departmentHistory
thesis.degree.disciplineHistory
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-0120-0667
dc.type.materialtext


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