Electrification of isolated communities in Mexico : The case of wind energy systems
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The Mexican government, supported by international organizations, has financed a myriad of rural electrification projects. However, high costs and a lack of trained staff in isolated regions have obstructed the expansion of the grid to all rural areas, particularly in the poorest regions of the country. This study focuses on rural villages in the State of Chiapas, Mexico, and compares the amount required to connect each isolated town to the national grid to the cost to build an independent system powered by wind energy systems. It was concluded that, in most cases, the use of a microgrid is the best solution; the application of wind energy systems must be complemented by training in O&M activities for local inhabitants, and by the allocation of financial resources as grants for funding.