Babylonian Talmud, Eruvin X : critical edition with comprehensive commentary
MetadataShow full item record
This dissertation focuses on the final chapter of tractate Eruvin in the Babylonian Talmud. Following the Mishnah, this chapter deals with various prohibitions of the Sabbath. Most of the sugyot are devoted to elucidating the Mishnaic text, while a few deal with general issues emerging from tannaitic and amoraic discussions. Among the topics discussed in the chapter are: the prohibition bal tosif (against adding to a commandment), the time to wear tefilin (phylacteries), the status of tefilin and tekhelet (blue threads of wool) found in the market, the prohibition to force one’s wife to have sexual intercourse, standing in one domain and performing an action in a different one on the Sabbath, the laws of building up a tent on Sabbath, the laws of tying a knot on the Sabbath, the rule that shevut prohibitions do not apply to the Temple and the prohibition on generating sounds on the Sabbath. The discussion of each sugya consists of four independent parts: 1) A new critical edition of the text, based on the Oxford 366 manuscript, which is, in our opinion, the best text of the entire chapter. The manuscript is presented along with guidelines set by the conventional best-text-edition method and divided into forty sugyot. Most of the sugyot present amoraic and post-amoraic discussions stemming from the Mishnah while a few relate to subtopics originating from the primary sugyot that discuss topics arising in the Mishnah. The text of each sugya is presented schematically, depicting the sugya according to its literary form. The components of the sugya were distinguished based on their origin: tannaitic text s p r e a d o u t , amoraic text in bold typeface, stama text in regular typeface. This presentation, as explained in the Hebrew introduction is not an outcome of diachronic examination, but rather the product of synchronic literary exploration of the sugya. 2) An apparatus presenting the meaningful textual variations between the direct text-witnesses of the chapter and attempting to explain the meaning of and reasons for those variations. The apparatus is not meant to substitute for the synoptic presentation available from the Society for the Interpretation of the Talmud. The apparatus is based on the analysis of that synopsis which was verified against the photographed images of the manuscripts.
מהדורה ופירוש על דרך המחקר לפרק המוצא תפילין מתוך התלמוד הבבלי (עירובין, פרק עשירי)