Design of a 3 GHz fine resolution LC DCO
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In this thesis, the design of a fine resolution LC digitally controlled oscillator (DCO) is introduced. Two NMOS varactor banks are used to achieve 12 bits medium and fine frequency tuning. Both delta-sigma modulator and capacitive divider circuit are implemented to achieve a finer resolution and a larger dynamic range. The LC-oscillator has a coarse tuning range from 3.05 GHz to 3.85 GHz and a fine tuning range of 50MHz. It features a phase noise level of -115dBc/Hz at 1MHz frequency offset and consumes 5.4mW. Efficient simulation methodology is explored. Finally, this DCO is simulated in an All-Digital Phase Locked Loop (ADPLL) with other ideal behavior blocks implemented using Verilog-A, and the performance of the DCO is evaluated.