Systematicity of code-switching in the Spanish in Texas Corpus
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This study tries to establish the systematicity of code-switching as shown in a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the linguistic behavior of twelve Spanish-English bilingual speakers of Mexican descent, drawn from the “Spanish in Texas Corpus” (Bullock and Toribio 2013). Results show that the frequency and typology of code-switching varied substantially among these speakers, concurring with previous research that has characterized U.S. Latinos as a highly diverse group in social interactions (Valdés 2001; Carreira 2004; Potowski 2010; Montrul 2013; Fairclough 2016, among others) and use of linguistic forms (Silva-Corvalán 1993; Zentella 1997; Valdés 2001; Colombi 2009). Moreover, some researchers have indicated that personality might also influence the code-switching behavior of U.S. Latinos (Gardner-Chloros 2008; Dewaele and Wei 2014). These findings also reveal that code-switching is not a random process, but rather a rule-governed linguistic phenomenon. In agreement with previous research (e.g. Poplack 1980; McClure 1981; Valdés 1982; Zentella 1997; Muysken 2000; Toribio 2002), the findings in this study indicate that code-switching preserves the structure of both languages and is usually utilized by bilinguals who are highly competent in both codes.