The contributions of community development corporations to urban revitilization
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Throughout this century attempts have been made by the Federal government to assure that every American has at least decent shelter. The results have been mixed. This paper will examine the evolution of two very different concepts in the arena of American urban housing. The first is the outcome of Federal actions that created Public Housing Administrations, and the second is a more recent innovation, the Community Development Corporation. The historical differences between the two have been considerable. Now there appears to be a confluence of ideology. The theme of local control and catchwords like "empowerment" are common to the operation of both local development organizations and traditional public housing. A more holistic approach to the problem of urban housing has been adopted by governments at both the local and Federal level than was previously the case. Though the connection between poverty, low educational attainment, low skill levels, and lack of access to quality housing has been demonstrated by academics, only recently has an appreciation for the interdependency of these variables been expressed through Federal laws and programs. Upon examination of how housing is created by the public and private sectors, a means of economic development for inhabitants of distressed areas will be presented. Through enhanced skill levels, specifically building trade skills, the concerns of decent housing and economic inequality can be addressed as they pertain to blighted urban areas.