Excess-entropy scaling of dynamics for a confined fluid of dumbbell-shaped particles
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We use molecular simulation to study the ability of excess entropy scaling relationships to describe the kinetic properties of a confined molecular system. We examine a model for a confined fluid consisting of dumbbell-shaped molecules that interact with atomistically detailed pore walls via a Lennard-Jones potential. We obtain kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural properties of the system at three wall-fluid interaction strengths and over a temperature range that includes sub-and super-critical conditions. Four dynamic properties are considered: translational and rotational diffusivities, a characteristic relaxation time for rotational motion, and a collective relaxation time stemming from analysis of the coherent intermediate scattering function. We carefully consider the reference state used to define the excess entropy of a confined fluid. Three ideal-gas reference states are considered, with the cases differentiated by the extent to which one-body spatial and orientational correlations are accounted for in the reference state. Our results indicate that a version of the excess entropy that includes information related to the one-body correlations in a confined fluid serves as the best scaling variable for dynamic properties. When adopting such a definition for the reference state, to a very good approximation, bulk and confined data for a specified dynamic property at a given temperature collapse onto a common curve when plotted against the excess entropy.