• Acceleration Of Protons To Above 6 MeV Using H2O >Snow> Nanowire Targets 

    Pomerantz, I.; Schleifer, E.; Nahum, E.; Eisenmann, S.; Botton, M.; Gordon, D.; Sprangel, P.; Zigler, A. (2012-11)
    A scheme is presented for using H2O >snow> nanowire targets for the generation of fast protons. This novel method may relax the requirements for very high laser intensities, thus reducing the size and cost of laser based ...
  • All-optical suppression of relativistic self-focusing of laser beams in plasmas 

    Kalmykov, S. Yu; Yi, S. Austin; Shvets, G. (2008-11)
    It is demonstrated that a catastrophic relativistic self-focusing (RSF) of a high-power laser pulse can be prevented all-optically by a second, much weaker, copropagating pulse. RSF suppression occurs when the difference ...
  • Analytic height correlation function of rough surfaces derived from light scattering 

    Zamani, M.; Shafiei, F.; Fazeli, S. M.; Downer, M. C.; Jafari, G. R. (2016-10)
    We derive an analytic expression for the height correlation function of a homogeneous, isotropic rough surface based on the inverse wave scattering method of Kirchhoff theory. The expression directly relates the height ...
  • Analytic Model Of Electron Self-Injection In A Plasma Wakefield Accelerator In The Strongly Nonlinear Bubble Regime 

    Yi, S. A.; Khudik, V.; Siemon, C.; Shvets, G. (2012-06)
    Self-injection of background electrons in plasma wakefield accelerators in the highly nonlinear bubble regime is analyzed using particle-in-cell and semi-analytic modeling. It is shown that the return current in the bubble ...
  • Angular Momentum Transport And Turbulence In Laboratory Models Of Keplerian Flows 

    Paoletti, M. S.; van Gils, D. P. M.; Dubrulle, B.; Sun, Chao; Lohse, Detlef; Lathrop, D. P. (2012-11)
    We present angular momentum transport (torque) measurements in two recent experimental studies of the turbulent flow between independently rotating cylinders. In addition to these studies, we reanalyze prior torque ...
  • Anisotropic Magnetoresistance in Antiferromagnetic Sr2IrO4 

    Wang, C.; Seinige, H.; Cao, G.; Zhou, J. S.; Goodenough, J. B.; Tsoi, M. (2014-11)
    We report point-contact measurements of anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) in a single crystal of antiferromagnetic Mott insulator Sr2IrO4. The point-contact technique is used here as a local probe of magnetotransport ...
  • Anomalous hall effect 

    Nagaosa, Naoto; Sinova, Jairo; Onoda, Shigeki; MacDonald, A. H.; Ong, N. P. (2010-05)
    The anomalous Hall effect (AHE) occurs in solids with broken time-reversal symmetry, typically in a ferromagnetic phase, as a consequence of spin-orbit coupling. Experimental and theoretical studies of the AHE are reviewed, ...
  • Application Of Detuned Laser Beatwave For Generation Of Few-Cycle Electromagnetic Pulses 

    Kalmykov, S.; Shvets, G. (2004-12)
    An approach to compressing high-power laser beams in plasmas via coherent Raman sideband generation is described. The technique requires two beams: a pump and a probe detuned by a near-resonant frequency Omega < omega(p). ...
  • Arnold diffusion in a driven optical lattice 

    Boretz, Yingyue; Reichl, L. E. (2016-03)
    The effect of time-periodic forces on matter has been a topic of growing interest since the advent of lasers. It is known that dynamical systems with 2.5 or more degrees of freedom are intrinsically unstable. As a consequence, ...
  • Attraction And Repulsion Of Multi-Color Laser Beams In Plasmas: A Computational Study 

    Yi, S. A.; Kalmykov, S.; Shvets, G. (2009-01)
    The nonlinear interaction of high-power multi-color laser beams in plasmas is investigated numerically. Both the relativistic mass increase and the driven plasma wave contribute to the mutual beam-beam interaction and to ...
  • Attractive membrane domains control lateral diffusion 

    Forstner, Martin B.; Martin, Douglas S.; Ruckerl, Florian; Kas, Josef A.; Selle, Carsten (2008-05)
    Lipid membranes play a fundamental role in vital cellular functions such as signal transduction. Many of these processes rely on lateral diffusion within the membrane, generally a complex fluid containing ordered microdomains. ...
  • Beltrami state in black-hole accretion disk: A magnetofluid approach 

    Bhattacharjee, Chinmoy; Das, Rupam; Stark, David J.; Mahajan, S. M. (2015-12)
    Using the magnetofluid unification framework, we show that the accretion disk plasma (embedded in the background geometry of a black hole) can relax to a class of states known as the Beltrami-Bernoulli (BB) equilibria. ...
  • Berry phase effects on electronic properties 

    Xiao, Di; Chang, Ming-Che; Niu, Qian (2010-07)
    Ever since its discovery the notion of Berry phase has permeated through all branches of physics. Over the past three decades it was gradually realized that the Berry phase of the electronic wave function can have a profound ...
  • Biological order, structure and instabilities 

    Prigogine, I.; Nicolis, G. (Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics, 1971)
  • Bouncing jet: A Newtonian liquid rebounding off a free surface 

    Thrasher, Matthew; Jung, Sunghwan; Pang, Yee Kwong; Chuu, Chih-Piao; Swinney, Harry L. (2007-11)
    We find that a liquid jet can bounce off a bath of the same liquid if the bath is moving horizontally with respect to the jet. Previous observations of jets rebounding off a bath (e.g., the Kaye effect) have been reported ...
  • Bounds on heat transport in Beacutenard-Marangoni convection 

    Hagstrom, George; Doering, Charles R. (2010-04)
    For Pearson's model of Beacutenard-Marangoni convection, the Nusselt number Nu is proven to be bounded as a function Marangoni number Ma according to Nu < 0.838xMa(2/7) for infinite Prandtl number and according to Nu less ...
  • Broadband boundary effects on Brownian motion 

    Mo, Jianyong; Simha, Akarsh; Raizen, Mark G. (2015-12)
    Brownian motion of particles in confined fluids is important for many applications, yet the effects of the boundary over a wide range of time scales are still not well understood. We report high-bandwidth, comprehensive ...
  • Cargo Transport by Cytoplasmic Dynein Can Center Embryonic Centrosomes 

    Longoria, Rafael A.; Shubeita, George (PLOS One, 2013-07-01)
    To complete meiosis II in animal cells, the male DNA material needs to meet the female DNA material contained in the female pronucleus at the egg center, but it is not known how the male pronucleus, deposited by the sperm ...
  • Chaos and band structure in a three-dimensional optical lattice 

    Boretz, Yingyue; Reichl, L. E. (2015-04)
    Classical chaos is known to affect wave propagation because it signifies the presence of broken symmetries. The effect of chaos has been observed experimentally for matter waves, electromagnetic waves, and acoustic waves. ...
  • Chaos in the honeycomb optical-lattice unit cell 

    Porter, Max D.; Reichl, L. E. (2016-01)
    Natural and artificial honeycomb lattices are of great interest because the band structure of these lattices, if properly constructed, contains a Dirac point. Such lattices occur naturally in the form of graphene and carbon ...